RuEn

Journal section "Social development"

Classification of Region’s Municipalities by Structure and Level of Incomes and Consumer Spending

Fokin V.Y.

5 (41), 2015

Fokin V.Y. Classification of Region’s Municipalities by Structure and Level of Incomes and Consumer Spending. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2015, no. 5 (41), pp. 89-103. DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.5.41.6

DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.5.41.6

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The paper presents a classification of region’s municipalities that differ according to two criteria – the structure and level of incomes, and the level of consumer spending. The author investigated the combination of income sources (wages, pensions and unemployment benefits) that form in the aggregate the amount of disposable money income of the people who live in the administrative-territorial units of Perm Krai. The author also analyzed the influence of people’s incomes on retail trade turnover in the region’s municipalities. The data were collected, grouped and analyzed; they show that the level of people’s income in large and medium cities, which are industrial centers, exceeds considerably the values of these indicators registered in rural municipalities, single-industry settlements and depressed areas. The reason for this lies in low wages of working population, a large proportion of retirees and the unemployed in the rural areas, single-industry settlements and depressed areas. The article defines nine types of territorial entities in the region that differ in level and structure of income and consumer spending in the municipalities. The author concludes that the territorial differentiation of municipal formations influences the formation of stratified population groups distinguished by the level of income and consumption. The solution to this problem requires joint efforts by the regional administration and municipal authorities to develop management actions with regard to specific features of each municipality

Keywords

consumption, municipality, social stratification, territorial differentiation, pensioners, city, the unemployed, wage, income, single-industry settlement, rural municipal district

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