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Author guidelines

The requirements for submission of manuscripts to the editorial staff of the scientific journal «Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast»

General information

The Journal publishes original theoretical and experimental articles that fall within the scope of the Journal. The manuscript should be of no less than 16 pages (1 page contains approximately 1,800 characters). The maximum length of the paper submitted to publication is 22 pages (approximately 39,600 characters). Book reviews, information on scientific conferences, scientific chronicles are also submitted to publication. The papers should contain research findings of completed and methodologically proper works.

The decision for publication is made by the Journal’s editorial staff on the basis of the reviewer’s report. The novelty, scientific importance and relevance of submitted material are also taken into consideration. Articles rejected by the editorial staff will not be re-considered.

Requirements to the package of materials submitted

The following materials are submitted to the editorial office in printed form:

  1. The article signed by the author on the first page. For students, postgraduate students and degree-seeking candidates a notarized signature of the supervisor is also required, the seal must be clear.
  2. Full information about the author on a separate page: full name, academic degree and title, place of work and position, contact information (postal address, telephone, e-mail – if available) arranged according to the sample:
    Full name
    Type of activity (specialist, manager, student, pensioner, unemployed, comprehensive school student, research associate, lecturer, etc.)
    Academic degree
    Academic rank
    Academic rank
    Phone/ Fax (work)
    Phone/ Fax (personal)
    E-mail (work)
    E-mail (personal)
    Mailing address (workplace)
    Mailing address (place of residence)
  3. Written commitment of the author that the article is not (will not be) published in other printed and/or electronic editions prior to its publication in the Journal:



    full name, position and place of employment

    hereby certify that the article


    title of the article

    has never been published and is not currently being considered by any publishing house or editor. I agree not to submit this article for publication in other periodicals or collections of articles prior to its publication in the journal «Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast».



The materials in printed form are sent to the address: 56А, Gorky Street, Vologda, 160014, to the editorial office of the scientific journal «Economic and social changes: facts, trends, forecast».

The following materials are submitted to the editorial office in electronic form:

  1. A file containing the article in a Microsoft Word document, format .docx. The name of the file is typed in the Roman characters and reflects the author’s last name (e.g.: Ivanova.docx).
  2. Scanned copy of the commitment of the author not to publish the article in other publications.
  3. Table containing the information about the author.
  4. A color photo of the author in the .jpeg / .jpg format of no less than 1 MB.

The package of materials is to be sent to the e-mail address: common@vscc.ac.ru.

Requirements to the content and structure of articles

All scientific articles submitted to the editorial staff should substantially meet the following requirements.

The structure of the paper must conform to the international standard IMRAD, i.e. it must contain the following parts: introduction, methodology and justification of its choice, research results, analysis and explanation of the results, and discussion of the results (Kirillova O.V. (Ed.) Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po podgotovke i oformleniyu nauchnykh statei v zhurnalakh, indeksiruemykh v mezhdunarodnykh naukometricheskikh bazakh dannykh [Methodological guidelines for the preparation and execution of scientific articles in journals indexed in international scientometric databases]. Moscow, 2017. 144 p. (Appendix).).

In its introductory part, the article contains a clearly defined goal, substantiates scientific novelty and significance of the work, and contains an analysis of the contemporary literature available on the subject (monographs, articles, methodological recommendations, etc. published as a rule in the latest 3–5 years). It is expected that this analysis is of a problematic nature, i.e. the article does not just enumerate existing works on the subject, but provides the author’s vision of the research already conducted by other scientists, the advantages and disadvantages of these papers as connected to the subject of the research conducted by the author and reflected in the article, so that the scientific novelty of the author’s work is clearly seen.

The article is polemical and debatable, that is, the material is presented in such a way that readers (specialized scientists, employees of public authorities, etc.) would like to participate in the discussion of the issues raised, and express their opinion (An example of an article, the content of which is polemical, and debatable, is the work of Doctor of Economics, Professor S.S. Gubanov “Neo-Industrial Development Model and Its System Algorithm”, published in the journal “Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast”, 2014, issue No. 3 (33).).

In its final part, the article contains a detailed, reasoned substantiation of importance of scientific research conducted and reflected in the work. The author specifies what kind of contribution to the development of theoretical and applied science his work makes.

The list of references includes key relevant fundamental studies of major domestic and foreign scientists, and works reflecting the current state of science on the subject of the research.

In case the article contains the results of sociological studies, the following data are to be included: methodology and method information; date, place (territory) and organization that carried out research; finite population structure; sample type, sample volume, sample error; description of method for data acquisition and analysis. This information is presented in one of the following ways: in the special section (paragraph) of the article; directly in the text; in a footnote. When drawing up tables it is important to clarify, how the percentage is calculated: of the number of the respondents to this question, or of the total number of respondents.

Text design requirements

  1. Margins

    Right – 1 cm, others – 2 cm.

  2. Font

    Font size of the article’s text – 14, type – Times New Roman (in case a special type font is needed, when typing Greek, Arab, etc. words, Windows default fonts are to be used). In case the paper contains seldom used fonts, they (font family) are to be submitted along with the file. Line interval – 1,5.

  3. Indent – 1.25. Made automatically in MS Word.

  4. Numbering Page numbers are placed in the lower right corner of the page automatically with the use of MS Word tools.

  5. First page of the article

    In the upper right corner, the UDC is placed, under it, after the 1.5 spacing – the LBC, then – the symbol ©, indent (spacing), and the name and initials of the author in semi-bold. After the 2-spacing indent, the title of the article is given. Central alignment is used for the title of the article given in semi-bold. The abstract and key words are given below, after the 2-spacing indent, without a paragraph indent, in italics and aligned by width. Then, after the 2-spacing indent, the text of the article is placed.

  6. Abstract

    The abstract contains from 250 to 300 words. The abstract states the purpose of the research, points out its undoubted scientific novelty and its differences from similar works of other scientists; contains the methods used by the author and the main results of the work performed; identifies areas of application of the results of the study; briefly formulates the prospects for further research in this area.

    Examples of good abstracts for different types of articles (reviews, scientific articles, conceptual articles, application articles) are available at: http://www.emeraldinsight.com/authors/guides/write/abstracts.htm?part=2&PHPSESSID=hdac5rtkb73ae013ofk4g8nrv1.

  7. Key words

    There should be not more than 8 words.

  8. Tables

    Tables are inserted; drawing tools and AutoShapes are not allowed; column and cell alignment using spaces or tabs is not allowed. MS WORD table editor (Office 2003, 2007) is used for tables. Each piece of data of the stub and head of the table correspond to discrete cell. Only editor standard tools are applied for creating and formatting tables, no pilcrows, spaces and extra blank lines for semantic breakdown and line adjustment are allowed. In the title, the word “Table” and its number are given in common type face, the headline is given in bold, and is center aligned (Appendix 1).

  9. Figures (schemes, graphs, diagrams)

    The caption and its number are placed below the figure. The word “Figure” is in normal font, without highlighting). The caption runs in bold, center alignment, single-spaced (Appendix 2).

    MS EXCEL is to be used for creating charts, MS WORD, MS VISIO – for flow charts, MS Equation for formulas.

    Figures and charts, created in MS WORD are to be grouped within one single object. No scanned, exported or taken from the Internet graphic materials are allowed in the article.

    Algorithm of charts insertion from MS EXCEL to MS WORD:

    1. in MS EXCEL select the chart, using the mouse, right click and select “copy” from the list of options;
    2. in MS WORD right-click, select “paste” from the list of options, click on “paste special”, “Microsoft Excel chart”.

    The title of the figure and its number are placed below the figure. The word “Fig.” is in common type face. The caption is given in bold and is center aligned.

  10. Bibliographic description of the sources under tables and figures

    Write: either “Source”, or “Compiled with the use of”, or “Calculated with the use of”, etc., after that – information about the source (Appendix 2).

  11. Page footnotes

    Page footnotes are executed according to GOST Р 7.0.5.– 2008 (Appendix 3).

  12. References

    The word “References” is given after a 1.5 spacing after the body of the article in lowercase letters, semi-bold italics, center alignment (Appendix 5). Then, the list of references is given after the 1.5 spacing.

    The sources are given in alphabetical order (first – Russian-language sources, arranged alphabetically, then – foreign sources, also arranged alphabetically).

    All sources are given in accordance with GOST 7.1 – 2003 (Appendix 4).

    The list of references contains links to scientific works used by the author in the preparation of the article. It is obligatory that the author provides links to all the sources from the list of references in the body of the article.

    In accordance with international publishing standards, the recommended number of sources in the References should be at least 20, of which at least 30% should be foreign sources. The number of links to the author’s works should not exceed 10% of the total number of references given in the list.

    It is not recommended to include the following sources in the list of references:

    1. articles from any non-scientific magazines and newspapers;
    2. regulatory and legislative acts;
    3. statistical compilations and archival materials;
    4. sources without attribution of the author (for example, collections under someone’s editorship);
    5. dictionaries, encyclopedias, other reference books;
    6. reports, records, memos, protocols;
    7. textbooks, etc. It is recommended to provide the corresponding page footnotes for these sources.

    It is recommended to include the following sources in the list of references:

    1. articles from printed scientific journals (or electronic versions of printed scientific journals);
    2. books;
    3. monographs;
    4. published conference proceedings;
    5. patents.

    A reference to the bibliographic source in the body of the article is given in square brackets indicating the ordinal number of the source from the references and page number referenced by the author. It is possible to make reference to multiple sources from the list, the ordinal numbers of these links are separated by a semicolon (for example: [26, p. 10], [26, p. 10; 37, p. 57], [28], [28; 47], etc.).

    Articles that do not have the complete package of accompanying documents and articles that do not conform to the publisher’s requirements are not accepted.

Samples of an article