Journal section "Social development"

General Assessment of the Effectiveness of Social Sphere Financing in Russia’s Regions

Shafranov-Kutsev G.F., Efimova G.Z.

Volume 11, Issue 5, 2018

Shafranov-Kutsev G.F., Efimova G.Z. Students and income-earning youths: a transformational transition from competition-based approach to competitiveness. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2018, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 231-246. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.5.59.15

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.5.59.15

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Competitiveness as a personal characteristic is strategically important in daily and work activities. The article presents analysis of the process of formation of students’ competitiveness (case study of high school students and students from secondary vocational and higher educational institutions) with further implementation of competitive strategies in the work of young workers. The youth socio-demographic group is considered as a battery of creative and competitive potential characterized by the desire to develop their own personality and transform the surrounding society. The article presents the assessment of personal characteristics of students and income-earning youths, analyzes the respondents’ self-assessment of the level of competitiveness, value attitudes and desirable life characteristics in the long term. The empirical framework includes data of a representative mass questionnaire survey of the youth of the Tyumen Oblast. The sociological research indicates that high school students have a minimum level of competitiveness among all categories of youth and have the potential to improve it among students. The maximum level of competitive strategies is demonstrated by the income-earning youth with higher education. All respondents focused on competitive relations (among students and income-earning youth) count on their own efforts in labor activity and demonstrate the internal locus of control. Competitive income-earning youth value their own safety less, realizing that the implementation of competitive strategies involves a high degree of uncertainty and risk in labor and daily practices; they realize their willingness to resist the competitors. There is a correlation between the young people to participate in competitive interactions and the scale of planning horizons. The research results expand knowledge about young people’s competitiveness, the processes of its transition to competitiveness and can be used by educational institutions in training and educational work, as well as all organizations when making personnel decisions


competitiveness, competition, high school student, income-earning youth, competitive relations, competitive factors, competitive sustainability

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