Journal section "Theoretical and methodological issues"

Transitional Forms of Universal Basic Income as a Real Prospect for Russia

Bobkov V.N., Zolotov A.V., Odintsova E.V.

Volume 14, Issue 4, 2021

Bobkov V.N., Zolotov А.V., Odintsova Е.V. Transition forms of universal basic income as a real prospect for Russia. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 33–47. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.4.76.2

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.4.76.2

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article presents the research results aimed at developing the theoretical provisions of the universal basic income concept summarizing and systematizing the results of a survey of Russian experts conducted by the authors about its principles, the possibilities of introduction in Russia, priority population categories for testing it, assessing the reality of expanding the tools of universal basic income (UBI) taking into account the development of transitional forms of its use during the COVID-19 pandemic. The work reveals the relevance of UBI concept development in the context of the need to overcome mass poverty in Russia. The result of the theoretical analysis shows that generally recognized UBI principles (universality, unconditionality, individual nature of monetary payments, their regularity) are justified by long-term trends in social policy evolution. The prospect of introducing universal basic income is presented as a qualitative transition (leap) in implementation of the latter. The social policy measures, closest to implementation of UBI principles, are characterized as its transitional forms including experiments on its introduction. To assess the practical feasibility of UBI transitional forms, the article uses the results of a survey of experts from different Russian regions conducted with the authors’ participation and a pilot experiment and modeling of the results of UBI toolkit implementation. The paper proposes a possible scheme for implementing UBI tools in Russia, as well as pilot projects for low-income families with children, graduates of universities and secondary vocational educational institutions during the transition from study to the first place of work, the unstable employed (including the unemployed). The authors assess the paradox of activating the implementation of UBI principles in the context of the COVID-2019 pandemic under unfavorable financial conditions as confirming the reality of the prospects for its transitional forms for Russia. The results of the study can contribute to the development of discussions about the introduction of UBI tools in the Russian Federation, and to the promotion of its wide experimental testing for different population categories. It is advisable to continue research in the aspect of analyzing the experience of developing social support in the context of a pandemic and modeling the possible effects and costs of introducing UBI


socio-economic inequality, universal basic income, UBI principles, transitional forms of UBI, effects of UBI implementation, pilot projects for UBI implementation

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