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Journal section "Young researchers"

Russian Specifics of Dacha Suburbanization Process: Case Study of the Moscow Region

Rusanov A.V.

6 (42), 2015

Rusanov A.V. Russian Specifics of Dacha Suburbanization Process: Case Study of the Moscow Region. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2015, no. 6 (42), pp. 232-245. DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.6.42.15

DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.6.42.15

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Topical issues related to the planning of urban agglomerations development include registration and analysis of changes in suburban areas in the process of socio-economic development. It is manifest, among other things, in urbanization, which in relation to larger cities is replaced by suburbanization. Suburbanization process has been developing to the greatest extent in North America and Western Europe. Scientific research confirms that the majority of large urban agglomerations are in the stage of suburbanization. The pace of suburbanization in the world is different – the authorities of individual countries, regions or cities often take measures to limit or simplify it: they reconstruct central cities, set limits to the construction in peripheral areas, etc. In Russia, the process of suburbanization started to develop rapidly only after the socio-economic transformation of the 1990s that led to the emergence of the free market of housing and land. The aim of the present work is to determine the specifics of suburbanization in Russia on the example of the Moscow Region. Suburbanization in Russia is mainly seasonal; therefore, the paper examines suburbanization specific for Russia and related to the distribution of population and its economic activities in the organized summer house settlements in suburban areas, i.e. in dachas. A kind of this activity popular in Russia is gardening and vegetable and fruit farming in the settlements located on specially designated lands. The paper examines the factors determining suburbanization in the Moscow Region, and demonstrates the influence of these factors taking two key areas as examples. Scientific novelty of the work consists in the fact that it clarifies the content of suburbanization factors as applied to the Moscow Region; in addition, it considers the development of dacha-related suburbanization, highlights its characteristics on the example of the Moscow Region, examines current distribution patterns of dacha settlements of different types on the example of key areas

Keywords

suburbanization, dachas, dacha housing, second home, institutional factors, socio-environmental factors, population geography, moscow oblast

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