RuEn

Journal section "Industrial economics"

Assessment of Options for Logistics Objects in the Region Using Multi-Criteria Optimization (Case Study of the Republic of Tatarstan)

Rozhko O.N., Shikhalev A.M.

Volume 10, Issue 6, 2017

Rozhko O.N., Shikhalev A.M. Assessment of Options for Logistics Objects in the Region Using Multi-Criteria Optimization (Case Study of the Republic of Tatarstan). Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2017, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 153-169. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2017.6.54.10

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2017.6.54.10

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article proposes a scientific and practical approach to solving the problem of optimizing the regional transport-logistics structure by creating a reference network of logistics facilities of different class and purpose on the basis of criterion assessment of logistics capacity of each district of the region. The methodologies used by most researchers help objectively assess the logistics potential of the region at the level of either macro-systems or micro-systems assessing logistics capacity at the level of transportation with a certain number of participants and stable freight turnover. The proposed method of multi-criteria optimization helps not only identify the opportunities of logistics resources of each administrative and territorial of the region, as well as promote its active integration as a constituent entity of the Russian Federation in domestic and international transportation corridors, creating new opportunities for the strategy of its economic development. The most frequently used mathematical methods of site selection for logistics centers (hierarchy analysis, “gravity center”, theory of graphs and flows in networks and others) are certainly applicable when it is necessary to determine the location of objects with a certain number of customers and suppliers, stable inflows and outflows, but in the case of dynamic, unstable in time and volume of freight traffic, heterogeneous structures they do not give reliable results. The proposed calculation of comprehensive ranking assessment of each region is based on the implementation of multi-objectives taking into account both qualitative criteria and quantitative statistical and calculated values using the generated lists of alternatives (management decisions – districts of the Republic) of structured weighted criteria which are taken into account in calculating the comprehensive ranking of each management decision (of a particular area of the region). Determining the location of a logistics facility at the final stage of the project implies participation of subjects interested in its deployment: regional administration, representatives of business units. The proposed software package involves accelerated selection of deployment options through impacts on a number of criteria indicators. The project is at its final development stage; databases are being completed allowing to graphically show the proposed logistics facilities on the map considering their type

Keywords

logistics potential; logistics center; comprehensive ranking assessment; multi-criteria decision-making objective

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