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Journal section "Young researchers"

Trends and Promising Models Forming Industrial Clusters in the Russian Federation

Napol'skikh D.L.

Volume 10, Issue 6, 2017

Napol'skikh D.L. Trends and Promising Models Forming Industrial Clusters in the Russian Federation. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2017, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 248-263. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2017.6.54.16

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2017.6.54.16

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The purpose for the research is to develop and substantiate the models forming regional industrial clusters amid modern Russian economy. The article presents performance indicators of economic space clustering in Russian regions, identifies the main stages and prospects for generating of the “fourth wave” of clustering. The study formulates the quantitative approach to identifying regional industrial clusters and their further parameterization in the framework of a comprehensive multi-level clustering model of economic space of the region. In contrast to similar studies, the research focuses on trends in the formation of innovative multi-cluster units which integrate cluster initiatives for the development of high-tech industrial production. The scientific novelty is presented by the model of inter-sector interaction between current regional industrial clusters, as well as the author’s model of perspective development of cluster initiatives amid innovation-driven economy. The article presents results of analyzing the correlation between sectoral specialization of regional economic systems and processes of cluster formation in Russia based on the calculation of localization index of aggregate economic activities and industrial production sectors. The example of clusters such as microelectronics, instrumentation engineering and information technology focuses on the organizational aspects of the formation of regional industrial clusters. Based on the values of the Herfindahl-Hirschman index and concentration ratios, the authors developed scientifically new models of organizational development for clusters such as microelectronics, instrumentation engineering and information technology. The contribution to the Russian cluster theory lies in highlighting major trends and patterns of clustering of Russian regions, which revealed that successful cluster initiatives combine a developed innovation-driven core, a substantial industrial framework and a significant number of participants representing small and medium forms of innovation-driven entrepreneurship. There is a promising conclusion for further research about possible synthesis of organizational forms of economic development of clusters and territorial industrial complexes with the aim of realizing the potential of regions with developed territorial industrial complexes and large industrial enterprises. Analysis of industrial and organizational aspects of cluster development in Russian regions has helped conclude that cluster support under government programs remains relevant. The research data will be useful for improving the existing regional socio-economic development strategies and sectoral programs of production clustering

Keywords

industrial clusters, production localization, innovation-driven multi-clusters, clustering models, industrial aspects

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