RuEn

Journal section "Environmental economics"

Environmental Assessment of Economic Growth in the Northern Region

Tikhonova T.V.

Volume 11, Issue 3, 2018

Tikhonova T.V. Environmental assessment of economic growth in the northern region. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2018, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 162–178. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.3.57.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.3.57.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The analysis is based on P. Victor model of green growth. From the point of view of conceptual applicability (to diagnose environmental sustainability of economic development) and availability of tools, it is the simplest, most illustrative and universal in the range of indicators. The key parameters of the presented research model are relative indicators of negative impacts on natural systems per unit of economic result. The research novelty lies in taking into account economic and environmental indicators to assess the quality of life and the degree of environmental economic development of Northern regions. Assessment results in the Komi Republic reveal a generally low level of environmental quality of the region’s economic development for 2007–2016. Some progress towards “green” growth was observed in terms of discharge of contaminated wastewater into water surface bodies; stable economic situation in the “brown” growth zone is typical for atmospheric pollutant emissions, the features if “black” growth of economic results determined the volume of formation and disposal of toxic waste of industrial enterprises. To reduce the negative impacts on the environment it is necessary to introduce the best technology available for production facilities and waste processing; as well as ensure waste processing at the level of 40% of higher. The model is also used to study the processes of negative impacts on the environment in the context of typical regions of the Northwestern federal district. The research results presented significant differentiation of economic efficiency and eco-intensity in the resource-producing Northern regions of the Northwestern federal district. Analysis shows that a significant part of regions with high indicators of budget and economic efficiency also have better prospects in the context of “green” growth. The research prospect is to consider the situation from the point of view of the efficiency of environmental activities in the Northern regions in terms of environmental damage, investment activity related to environmental protection

Keywords

green economy, environmental indicators of quality of life, eco-intensity, environmental pollution

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