The purpose of the article is to consider the foreign experience in conceptualization and study of trust, to provide a critical review of the multidisciplinary issues of trust in modern world science, the relevance of which is explained by the increasing shortage of public trust. The research novelty of the study lies in the identification of forms, types, and trends in the subject area of trust in terms of determining the internal and interdisciplinary boundaries of various humanitarian fields. The interdisciplinary subject of trust in terms of the “umbrella effect” of competing paradigms and approaches is presented; the definition of trust as a multidimensional construct is conceptualized; the category-concept set of classification of trust include variables: resource pools (availability and configuration); rules of the game (resource share and coordination); target functions (efficiency, productivity); functions focused on people (social roles and practices, interpersonal relations); sense-making (realistic and perceived effect); focus on action (practical effects); focus on perception (interpretive effects). Trust as a choice addresses theoretical issues in specific contexts between the trustee and the trusted; metaphors such as “shadows of the future”, “ vulnerability”, “leap of faith” reveal signs of a trust continuum in an uncertain situation; identification of the tension of trust as its natural and ambivalent property between altruism and self-interest associated with control and differentiation of prospects, acquires the meaning of trust dimension in a variety of institutional contexts. The results can be applied in the following fields: scientific, educational, management, information, and analytical.
trust, interdisciplinary approach, definitions, a multi-dimensional design, classifications, “umbrella structure”, models, types