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Journal section "Social development"

Factor Analysis Reflecting the Impact of Labor Migration on the Spread of Socially Dangerous Diseases in Russia

Livshits M.L., Neklyudova N.P.

Volume 11, Issue 6, 2018

Lifshits M.L., Neklyudova N.P. Factor analysis reflecting the impact of labor migration on the spread of socially dangerous diseases in Russia. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2018, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 229-243. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.6.60.14

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2018.6.60.14

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The goal of the paper is to assess the possible impact of international labor immigration on the prevalence of the following diseases which are dangerous to others: HIV, active tuberculosis, syphilis, drug addiction, enterobiosis, pediculosis, acute and chronic viral hepatitis B and C in Russia’s regions. We analyze the works on the impact of migration on the health of the population of the host territory. The main research methods that we use include econometric and correlation analysis. We construct panel models for each of the diseases. The models test various socio-economic indicators (including education level, cash income, housing improvement and the incidence of alcoholism), as well as climatic, geographical and demographic indicators. In order to calculate the indicators characterizing the level of labor immigration in the regions we use Rosstat data on the legal employment of foreign citizens in the regions of the Russian Federation and on the number of foreign citizens who arrived in Russia. The study has shown that of all the diseases considered, immigration can only have an impact on the spread of drug addiction. This issue needs further study. As far as infectious diseases are concerned, labor immigration does not affect the level of morbidity detected in the regions. As a rule, these diseases are associated with poor sanitary and socio-economic conditions (tuberculosis, syphilis and enterobiosis); on the other hand, there are big problems concerning their detection, and the real level of morbidity in the country is unknown (HIV and viral hepatitis). We also reveal a significant statistical correlation between the groups of diseases: 1) drug addiction, HIV, active tuberculosis, acute viral hepatitis and 2) alcoholism, syphilis, chronic viral hepatitis

Keywords

regions of russia, labor immigration, socially dangerous diseases, well-being of the territory

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