RuEn

Journal section "Socio-economic development strategy"

Shaping the Population and Labor Resources in the Russian Far East

Motrich E.L., Molodkovets L.A.

Volume 12, Issue 1, 2019

Motrich E.L., Molodkovets L.A. Shaping the population and labor resources in the Russian Far East. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 53-69. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.1.61.3

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.1.61.3

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article is devoted to the problems of demographic situation in the Far East of Russia. It considers the formation of the population and labor potential; shows the dynamics of the population in the Far East according to the all-Union (1989) and all-Russian population censuses (2002 and 2010) and the current population accounting for 01.01.2018; reveals the trend of long-term reduction in the number of inhabitants in the macroregion; substantiates the need to implement the objective to secure population. The relevance of the study is due to the need to determine the risks with the emerging parameters of the natural and migration components involved in the demographic indicators of the Far Eastern region, in the implementation of the strategy to achieve the population according to the Concept of demographic policy in the Far East adopted in 2017. The factors contributing to the reduction of natural population growth are covered. The negative role of migration in the population dynamics in the macroregion is noted. Analysis of the transformation of the population structure by age revealed the situation with the reduction of labor potential, which entails the need to attract labor using interregional and external migration. The issues related to the introduction of new parameters of retirement age are highlighted. The article analyzes the dynamics of life expectancy in the Far East and shows its lagging behind the national average. In conclusion, the article presents proposals that can help attract the population to the Far East and secure it

Keywords

russia, region, population, age structure, migration, life expectancy, macroregion, retirement age, concept, far east, natural movement

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