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Journal section "Social development"

Intraregional Differentiation of Demographic Potential in the Republic of Tatarstan

Biktimirov N.M., Gaifutdinova R.M., Ibragimova A.A., Ildarkhanova C.I.

Volume 12, Issue 3, 2019

Biktimirov N.M., Gaifutdinova R.M., Ibragimova A.A., Il’darkhanova Ch.I. Intraregional differentiation of demographic potential in the Republic of Tatarstan. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 189–202. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.63.12

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.63.12

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The issues of formation of agglomerations are more considered from the economic point of view and as an effective way of infrastructural development of territories. However, the demographic aspects of studying the potential of the regions’ territories are left without attention. The purpose of the research is to determine the zones of demographic risk and stability of the Republic of Tatarstan and identify the vector of demographic development of its three agglomerations. The theoretical analysis of the concept of “agglomeration” helps consider the unification of cities and municipal districts not from the geographical and economic perspective, but as a tool for effective development of human capital. The method of rapid analysis of demographic processes in the Republic of Tatarstan developed by the Center for Family and Demography at Tatarstan Academy of Sciences is a differentiated analysis of demographic prospects of agglomerations of the Republic taking into account their initial potential. In the article, based on the agglomeration approach we differentiated intra-regional demographic potential of municipal formations of the Republic. In order to determine the zones of demographic risk in three agglomerations, we calculated the integrated rank of municipal districts according to the main demographic indicators: total fertility rate, mortality, natural growth, marriage rate, divorce rate and migration gain. The article reviews in detail birth rate as the most important category of the region’s socio-demographic development. The ranking of municipal districts of the Republic of Tatarstan included in various agglomerations, according to the current demographic situation, helps identify the region’s prosperous zones at the present development stage. The definition of risk zones will help adjust the social and demographic policy of municipalities, thereby ensuring sustainable demographic development of the Republic of Tatarstan as a whole

Keywords

birth rate, migration, mortality, divorce rate, Republic of Tatarstan, marriage rate

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