Journal section "Spatial aspects of territorial development"

Methodology for Defining Pivotal Settlements in the Russian Arctic

Fauzer V.V., Smirnov A.V., Lytkina T.S., Fauzer G.N.

Volume 12, Issue 5, 2019

Fauzer V.V., Smirnov A.V., Lytkina T.S., Fauzer G.N. Methodology for defining pivotal settlements in the Russian Arctic. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 25–43. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.5.65.2

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.5.65.2

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Settlement in new regions of the Russian North, available for new economic exploitation, started at the beginning of the 20th century: the exploration of mineral deposits, its mining and shipment into southern regions commenced at the same time. Experience of building cities as trade and industrial centers, marine ports, and military settlements, which was acquired in the 18th¬–19th centuries, was insufficient. It was necessary to define forms of settlement, quantitative parameters of emerging communities, and convenience of the latter. Discussions and knowledge acquisition resulted in a consent to build permanently populated large cities. It was suggested to build basic cities in the North and pivotal cities, which would have infrastructural functions, in nearby areas. Quantitative guidelines on population numbers for each type of settlement were proposed: pivotal cities – 300 thousand residents, basic cities – 80-150 thousand people, industrial cities – 15-30 thousand inhabitants, watch and expeditionary villages – 3-5 thousand people. After making the Arctic Zone in the Russian North the independent management unit consisting of nine pivotal areas, it became necessary to justify settlement framework, which would meet new requirements. Thus, the purpose of this article is to develop the methodology of calculating the Index of Pivotal Settlement which would allow us to classify an urban settlement as a multifunctional pivotal settlement, a pivotal settlement, a potential pivotal settlement, and as a settlement which does not meet criteria of a pivotal one. The creation of this index is based on three methodological principles: complexity, consistency, and account of agglomeration effect. The calculation of the index of the Arctic pivotal settlements is carried out due to the concept of demographic gravitation. Acquired results would allow each Arctic pivotal area to determine pivotal settlements, and the centers of surrounding areas development


population, arctic, settlement, pivotal areas, pivotal and basic cities

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