Journal section "Social development"

Transformation of Social Policy in Russia in the Context of Population Ageing

Grigor’eva I.A., Ukhanova Y.V., Smoleva E.O.

Volume 12, Issue 5, 2019

Grigor’eva I.A., Ukhanova Yu.V., Smoleva E.O. Transformation of social policy in Russia in the context of population ageing. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 124–140. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.5.65.8

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.5.65.8

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Modern social policy in Russia is formed under the influence of population ageing. The paper presents our point of view on the current state of Russia’s social policy. The relevance of the study is due to the fact that the demographic situation is undergoing inevitable changes and the role of the elderly in socio-economic life is becoming increasingly important. The goal of our work is to investigate the specifics of social policy in Russia in the context of population ageing. The novelty of the work consists in the fact that it dwells upon the capabilities of the social group “elderly” as a social resource. We mainly use the following research methods: analysis of laws and regulations at various levels, analysis of statistical and demographic data and results of sociological surveys conducted by VolRC RAS, and content analysis of website materials. The study was carried out both at the national and regional levels (on the example of the Vologda Oblast). We reveal trends in reorienting Russia’s social policy toward a broader interpretation of ageing and application of the concept of active longevity. However, the values of active longevity indices in Russia are low in comparison with European countries. According to sociological surveys, the elderly population of the region, which includes citizens over 60 years of age, preserves the values of active life, and many today’s pensioners do not think their state of health can interfere with their ability to work. We show how interaction between the state, civil society and citizens is developing in modern social policy. We reveal territorial unevenness in the development of the non-profit sector that addresses social problems of older citizens. In the end, we put forward proposals on updating social policy in the country in the context of population ageing


employment, ageing, active longevity, social services for the elderly, intersectoral interaction

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