Journal section "Social development"

Birth Rate, Number of Children and Family Income: Trends and Relationships

Sukneva S.A., Barashkova A.S., Postnikova K.Y.

Volume 13, Issue 2, 2020

Sukneva S.A., Barashkova A.S., Postnikova K.Yu. Birth rate, number of children and family income: trends and relationships. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2020, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 201–213. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.2.68.13

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.2.68.13

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The relevance of the study of the relationship between the trends of birth rate, the number of children and family income is increasing in the context of the unfavorable demographic dynamics in most regions of the country. In this regard, the search for ways to influence the achievement of a desirable model of childbearing simultaneously meeting the interests of society and families remains a priority task. The purpose of the article is to assess the impact of the level of the number of children on the conditions of family life support in the Northern sparsely populated region, where the signs of the traditional type of birth rate are preserved. In accordance with the goal and based on the materials of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), the authors systematized and considered the current trends in the processes of birth rate and childbearing of families, traced the influence of the birth order factor on the level and differentiation of income and consumer behavior of families. The methodological basis of the research are the methods of demographic analysis, comparison, generalization, as well as methodological tools based on the normative method and the absolute monetary approach to income assessment, socio-demographic survey. The scientific novelty of the work consists in choosing the research object which is a region with centers of multi-child parenting, assessing the differentiation of family life support conditions depending on the number of children, substantiating the factor of material security as a significant tool for state regulation of fertility processes. The results of the research can be applied in the activities of federal and regional authorities when developing the programs for demographic and family policy, adjusting measures for the implementation of the national project “Demography”. In addition, the results obtained present a large empirical material which is necessary for further study of the issues related to the competition of individual or family life needs, the value of children, on the one hand, and investment in the human capital of children or in the family life support conditions, on the other


family, rating, children, income, birth order, multi-child parenting, material security, republic of sakha (yakutia)

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