Journal section "History of economic and sociological thought"

Collective Capitalist Property in the Institutional Structure of Russia in the 1930s–1980s

Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M.

Volume 13, Issue 4, 2020

Beznin M.A., Dimoni T.M. Collective capitalist property in the institutional structure of Russia in the 1930s–1980s. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2020, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 186–201. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.4.70.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.4.70.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article deals with a subject of the possibility of applying the institutional theory to the study of the economic structure of Soviet Russia and the use of its individual elements to solve the problems of improving the efficiency of public administration at the present development stage of this country. The purpose of the work is to consider the basic issues of the evolution of the country’s socio-economic development at the stage of bifurcation. The novelty of the research is that it shows the evolutionary trends of the property institute and the political and ideological mechanisms of their ensuring in the 1930s–1980s. The emphasis is put on identifying the stages of property relations transformation: from the formation of collective capitalist ownership in the period of 1930s–1950s to the trends to its individualization in the 1960s-1980s. The turn of the 1990s is considered as a period of fundamental change of the collective capitalist property institute. According to the authors, the formation of a proto-bourgeois class of co-owners, which provided capitalist tendencies in the society’s development, was of great importance in Soviet times. The article shows the ideological content of trends leading to the capitalist transformation of Russia, which consist in justifying the property rights concentration. The change in the social base of the ruling class formation, the inclusion of the representatives of the intellectuals’ class and the intelligentsia in its composition were quite important in this process. It is noted that privatization in the course of market transformations broke the existing property relations in the Soviet period and led to an increase in social inequality. The authors emphasize the urgent need to restructure modern state policy in terms of taking into account the mentality of the “Russian life” and economic traditions that developed during the Soviet period


russia, institutions, ussr, state capitalism, institutional mechanisms, property, proto-bourgeoisie

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