RuEn

Journal section "Social development"

Sociological Analysis of Human Capital Factors and Resources

Romashkina G.F., Khudyakova M.V.

Volume 13, Issue 6, 2020

Romashkina G.F., Khudyakova M.V. Sociological analysis of human capital factors and resources. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2020, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 232–251. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.6.72.14

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2020.6.72.14

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The relevance of the study is due to the lack of a single position in the scientific, state, and public discourse on the accumulation, development, and implementation of human capital. The article deals with the theoretical concepts of human and social capital, its main components; it presents the results of studying the dynamics and structure of socio-economic well-being and human capital resources. The sociological analysis is carried out by measuring social well-being of the population (the case of the Tyumen Oblast), namely its key components: the degree of life satisfaction, social optimism and protection from the main social dangers, generalized trust and trust in institutions. The authors have considered human capital resources through self-assessments of health, material well-being, health, education, status, and work motivation. As an empirical base, we used data from monitoring studies (2006–2019) conducted within the framework of the all-Russian project “Socio-Cultural Portraits of the Russian Regions”. We used the index method, correlation method, factor and variance analysis in the study. The results obtained made it possible to give a general assessment of the processes of human capital resources development, to identify the contradictions in the public consciousness, to determine the relationship between human capital resources and social capital. In particular, the research showed that social capital is associated with the citizens’ feeling protection from the main problems and dangers, and it has a weak but statistically stable connection with the components of social and material well-being. The authors note that life satisfaction, social optimism, self-esteem of protection from problems and dangers and trust in institutions increase with the growth of family’s material security. Achievement motivation, which is a necessary condition for the development of human capital resources, is currently not related to the status of a respondent, his or her material wealth and social capital

Keywords

social well-being, human capital, social security, social capital, life satisfaction, social optimism

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