RuEn

Journal section "Global experience"

Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Quality of Employment of Platform Workers in Russia and the World

Chernykh E.A.

Volume 14, Issue 2, 2021

Chernykh E.A. Socio-demographic characteristics and quality of employment of platform workers in Russia and the world. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 172–187. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.2.74.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.2.74.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Digitalization of all spheres of life, technological, demographic, social, and other development drivers of the world contribute to the growing scale and depth of platform employment spread. Emergence of digital platforms was a major challenge for organizing and structuring the labor market. Platforms change not only existing business-paradigms, but the employment model. Platform employment in fact becomes a new institutional mechanism on the labor market. We used general scientific methods in the research: system analysis, comparison, description, generalization, systematization, formalization, and special methods – source analysis, SWOT-analysis, expert evaluation method, etc. The purpose of the research is to select and study socio-demographic features of platform workers in Russia and in the world, to compare them and reveal impact of these features on quality and stability of employment among platform workers. The article analyzes, systematizes, and sums up the results of recent European and American studies on socio-demographic features of platform workers. We attempt to assess similar characteristics among Russian workers (freelancers) analyzing sociological surveys and interviews. The author reveals primary signs of this employment type and their impact on quality of workers’ labor, compare the features of Russian and foreign platform workers, and conclude that pros and cons of platform workers are unevenly distributed, and experience of platform workers is polarized. It creates real problems for some workers and provides opportunities for others. Moreover, we designate risks of platform employment, which is a consequence of its instability, and propose areas for further studies

Keywords

quality of employment, precarious employment, digital labor platforms (DLP), platform employment, platform workers, regulation of platform employment, employment status, work with multiple performers, work on demand

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