Journal section "Social and economic development"

Migration of Rural Population of the Russian Far East at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Mishchuk S.N., Ryazantsev S.V.

Volume 14, Issue 3, 2021

Mishchuk S.N., Ryazantsev S.V. Migration of rural population of the Russian Far East at the beginning of the 21st century. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 182–198. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.3.75.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.3.75.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Nearly a quarter of the population of the Far Eastern Federal District, which occupies 40.6% of Russia’s area, lives in rural territories. It is obvious that rural population and its migration mobility have territorial differences in such a large region. The purpose of the study is to conduct a spatial and temporal analysis of dynamics and factors of migration processes in rural areas of the Far Eastern Federal District of the Russian Federation. The work is based on the analysis of official statistical data. Since structural characteristics of migration flows are likely to change because of using a new methodology for accounting internal migration since 2011, we consider the period from January 2012 to January 2020. The authors show that migration is crucial for the formation of rural population. At the beginning of 2020, there was an increase in the intensity of migration processes in the district’s rural areas, but the population’s migration decline remains. Most migrants from rural areas settle in the Far Eastern Federal District – often, in towns. The flow of migrants from the town to the village retains statistical significance but does not correspond to the territorial structure of the migration outflow of rural residents. Based on the ratio of migration and natural population decline (growth), the authors developed a classification of rural areas in the subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District for 2011 and 2019. We analyze the reasons for the arrival and departure of rural population. Most migrants arrive after a temporary absence and leave for personal and family reasons. The authors show the influence of the dynamics of migration processes on the development of rural areas and agriculture in the context of a shortage of labor resources and restrictions on international movements of labor immigrants using a case study of the border region


migration, rural area, rural population, far east, rural typology, migration components, migration coefficients, Far East

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