RuEn

Journal section "Social and economic development"

Urban Environment as a Resource for Combining Professional and Parental Functions

Bagirova A.P., Notman O.V., Blednova N.D.

Volume 14, Issue 3, 2021

Bagirova A.P., Notman O.V., Blednova N.D. Urban environment as a resource for combining professional and parental functions. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 199–214. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.3.75.12

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.3.75.12

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
In the context of approving the “quality of life” concept, the formation of accessible and comfortable living environment is mentioned in Russia’s national projects and in Russian towns’ development programs. The purpose of the study is to analyze the quality of urban environment in terms of infrastructure conditions, located within walking distance, that minimize physical, material, and time costs of parents’ forced daily mobility for educating and developing children. The scientific novelty of the study is related to the first-implemented approach to considering urban environment of residential neighborhoods as a resource for combining professional and parental functions. The empirical basis includes data of a mass survey of citizens-parents conducted in the megalopolis (Yekaterinburg) and the results of in-depth interviews with mothers of preschool and school-age children. The results of the study show a high subjective significance of territorial proximity of key child infrastructure facilities for successful combination of parental and professional functions. Moreover, it indicates a direct interconnection between the saturation of residing places with children’s infrastructure facilities and overall satisfaction of parents with the quality of urban environment. The authors record the highest forced mobility due to the lack of walking distance services in the field of intellectual, creative, and sports development of children. A total number of deprived urban neighborhoods and the share of parents who are forced to use infrastructure services outside their neighborhoods indicate that there are spatial inequalities in access to urban goods. Practical significance of the study is the scientific justification of the need to develop comprehensive programs for the formation of a functionally rich environment in microlocal territories during the adoption of a progressive model for the development of a megapolis – “a network of 15-minute cities”. The authors conclude that hyper-proximity-accessibility of urban services can be a significant resource (in a broader social policy for supporting families) for successful combination of parental and professional functions, ultimately contributing to improving the quality of life of citizens with children

Keywords

urban environment, parental and professional functions, family-friendly policies, child infrastructure, forced mobility, neighborhoods, pedestrian accessibility, 15-minute city model

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