RuEn

Journal section "Social and economic development"

Social Portrait of a Resident of the Arctic in the Conditions of Industrial Development of the Territory (Case Study of Yakutia and Taimyr)

Potravnaya E.V., Yashalova N.N., Kim H.

Volume 14, Issue 4, 2021

Potravnaya E.V., Yashalova N.N., Kim Hye-Jin. Social portrait of a resident of the Arctic in the conditions of industrial development of the territory (case study of Yakutia and Taimyr). Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 185–200. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.4.76.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.4.76.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The way of life of the indigenous and incoming population of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation requires a detailed study, since it is in these areas that the exploration and extraction of minerals for the purpose of territorial industrial development has been actively carried out in recent decades. The article reveals the social portrait of residents of Russia’s Arctic regions, who are immediate participants in the changes taking place in the territories of their residence and associated with the implementation of large-scale mining projects. We conducted the empirical part of the study in 2017–2020 in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), where placer gold and diamonds are currently explored and mined, and in the Taimyr Dolgano-Nenets Municipal District of Krasnoyarsk Krai. The object of the study was the economic behavior of local residents of the Arctic regions; the subject was their attitude toward the activities of mining companies. As a result of a sociological survey in the form of questionnaires (cluster sample, 859 people, age selection from 18 years and older), informal conversations with local residents, we gave their socio-demographic characteristics, presented their attitude toward traditional trades and crafts and toward the industrial development of Russia’s Arctic regions. The practical significance of the study consists in analyzing modern characteristics of an Arctic resident; this analysis can be of use to various stakeholders involved in the implementation of state programs for the development of Russia’s Arctic territories. The study of the problems and needs of indigenous peoples of the Arctic zone of Russia allows avoiding resource conflicts between state structures, industrial companies and the local population

Keywords

environment, arctic region, indigenous peoples, economic sociology, social portrait of the population, industrial development of the territory, socio-economic well-being, Arctic region, extractive companies

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