RuEn

Journal section "Regional economics"

Modeling the Impact of Bank Investments Attracted by Institutional Sectors on the Socio-Economic Development of Russian Regions

Naumov I.V., Nikulina N.L.

Volume 14, Issue 5, 2021

Naumov I.V., Nikulina N.L. Modeling the impact of bank investments attracted by institutional sectors on the socio-economic development of Russian regions. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 53–69. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.5.77.3

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.5.77.3

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Banking capital plays a significant role in providing the financial foundations for the development of institutional sectors in regional systems, which include financial and non-financial corporations, households, public administration sector and foreign institutions. However, a study of the processes of banking capital flows between them shows that the banking sector currently does not perform its traditional functions of saving institutional sectors’ capital and providing them with loans, but carries out a speculative policy, contributing to a significant outflow of financial resources abroad and causing serious harm to the Russian economy. In this regard, the purpose of the work is to study the imbalances in the processes of banking capital flows between institutional sectors and to model the impact of bank investments attracted by institutional sectors on the socio-economic development of constituent entities of the Russian Federation. We have developed a methodological approach based on the methodology of forming balanced matrices of financial flows between institutional sectors using data from the primary accounting statements of loan institutions, the methodological principle of double entry bookkeeping of the System of National Accounts and methods of regression analysis using panel data. We built matrices of financial flows in the regions, characterizing the processes of bank capital flows between the sector of financial and non-financial corporations, public administration, households and foreign institutions, regression models characterizing the impact of bank investments attracted by each institutional sector on the indicators of socio-economic development of regional systems. The study has found that the capital raised by banks in the sector of non-financial corporations has a positive impact on the dynamics of the gross regional product of Russia’s constituent entities, leads to a decrease in unemployment in the regions, the number of people with incomes below the subsistence level, the degree of capital consumption, as well as an increase in the balanced financial performance of enterprises and the average monthly nominal wage

Keywords

regression analysis, panel data, bank investments, financial flows, institutional sector

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