RuEn

Journal section "Social and economic development"

Reproduction of Human Capital in the Arctic Regions of Russia: Socio-Cultural Context

Markin V.V., Silin A.N., Malinina K.O.

Volume 14, Issue 5, 2021

Markin V.V., Silin A.N., Malinina K.O. Reproduction of human capital in the Arctic regions of Russia: Socio-cultural context. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 220–243. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.5.77.13

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.5.77.13

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The formation and reproduction of human capital, as the most important prerequisite for modern development, has not only sectoral, but also regional features. The article, which continues a series of our works on human capital in the conditions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, considers the influence of socio-cultural factors on human capital in the Arctic territories. The aim of the study is to present a new approach to the role of socio-cultural factors (foundations and components) in human capital development in the Arctic regions for a new (neo-industrial) stage of their exploration. In this regard, we clarify conceptual foundations of the studies on human capital presented in the works of researchers from Russia and other countries. Within a certain theoretical and methodological framework, we analyze, compare, and summarize the findings of a sociological study conducted in March – May 2018 in the Arkhangelsk Oblast (in the Arctic territories) and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug; to this end, we use methods such as mass surveys and statistical data analysis. We provide data that characterize human capital of the Northerners in terms of their financial situation; we prove the existence of a direct dependence on regional (higher – in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug), sectoral (especially oil and gas enterprises), socio-professional (especially managers, highly qualified specialists, state and municipal employees) aspects. With the use of multidimensional measurements, we show the interrelations and individual dependencies of the variables that characterize education, health and socio-professional status in the structure of human capital in the surveyed regions. We also focus our attention on the role of value orientations in the formation and reproduction of human capital. In conclusion, we note that the impact of socio-cultural factors on human capital is ambivalent: on the one hand, they act as a fundamental basis, on the other hand, some of them (education, work motivation, etc.) act as structural components. We propose measures aimed at strengthening national and regional policies (including investment) in the development of human capital in the Russian Arctic

Keywords

human capital, sociological approach, Arctic regions of Russia, socio-cultural factors, multidimensional measurements

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