RuEn

Journal section "Environmental economics"

Conflicts in Protected Areas within the European Part of the Russian Arctic: Systematization and a Mechanism for Their Resolution

Smirennikova E.V., Ukhanova A.V.

Volume 14, Issue 6, 2021

Smirennikova E.V., Ukhanova A.V. Conflicts in protected areas within the European part of the Russian Arctic: Systematization and a mechanism for their resolution. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2021, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 176–196. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.6.78.10

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2021.6.78.10

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
It would be difficult to overestimate the role of protected areas in the conservation of the Arctic nature. Due to their fragility and vulnerability to anthropogenic impacts, Arctic natural complexes need special and stricter protection. The importance of preserving the nature of the Arctic is also due to the fact that maintaining the environment in an undisturbed natural state is one of the main ways to preserve the traditional culture and lifestyle of the indigenous peoples of the North. However, the processes of creation and functioning of protected areas are often accompanied by conflicts; this reduces the efficiency of the entire network of protected areas. The article uses our own algorithm to identify and classify conflicts in protected areas within the regions of the European part of the Russian Arctic. In total, we revealed 138 conflicts in 21.6% of protected areas; 70.3% of the conflicts are in the most acute stage of open confrontation. As a result of the research, we have developed a universal mechanism for resolving conflict situations in protected areas. The mechanism is of a closed nature and includes the following implementation stages: setting a goal; analyzing conflicts that arise during the creation and functioning of protected areas; identifying stakeholders and their interests; identifying the subject and stage of the conflict; arranging the work of a platform for coordinating the interests of stakeholders; taking into account the priority of sustainable development in the territory; setting specific tasks and choosing conflict resolution tools; monitoring conflict situations in protected areas. We believe that the implementation of the proposed mechanism will ensure a balance of interests of the local population, economic entities, authorities and other interested parties, and will also contribute to sustainable socio-environmental and economic development in protected areas and in adjacent territories as well

Keywords

protected areas, russian arctic, conflict, Russian Arctic

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