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Journal section "Global experience"

Identifying the Dynamics of Changes in Russia’s Human Potential in the Context of the Experience of Eurasian Integration

Osadchaya G.I., Vartanova M.L.

Volume 15, Issue 3, 2022

Osadchaya G.I., Vartanova M.L. (2022). Identifying the dynamics of changes in Russia’s human potential in the context of the experience of Eurasian integration. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 15(3), 223–235. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.3.81.12

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.3.81.12

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The problem of identifying the dynamics of changes in the human potential of the Eurasian Economic Union is in the focus of attention of the EAEU member states; each of them takes its own measures against economic and political risks and threats on the way toward ensuring national demographic security. Russia has formulated and operates its own systems for assessing and monitoring demographic security. However, due to the complex nature of the problem of ensuring the demographic security of the EAEU countries, it must be considered and solved through the implementation of state programs not only within the country, but also within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union as a whole. Our aim is to identify negative trends in demographic development in all post-Soviet countries during the collapse of the USSR, which led to a decrease in human potential in Russia and other EAEU countries, and to substantiate the system of indicators and indices of demographic security in the context of Eurasian integration. We consider the resource opportunities that the EAEU countries obtain due to the functioning of a single integration association, and provide the overview of trends, problems and contradictions of integration processes. Based on the comparative analysis of the demographic situation in the EAEU member states, we can talk about the general indicators of crisis changes: a decrease in the birth rate, an increase in mortality, increased mobility of the population, although each country in these years was characterized by its own special dominants reflecting the demographic situation. Our systematic measurements of the dynamics of changes in Russia’s human potential in the context of integration processes, based on the idea of an empirical model of integration, planning and forecasting within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union, allowed us to identify quantitative and qualitative signs of the functioning of the demographic development of the EAEU countries and develop a number of significant recommendations. The results of the study can be used in the development of the state policy of Russia and the EAEU countries in the field of ensuring the stability of demographic security in the conditions of integration

Keywords

human potential, population, human capital, migration, demographic security, globalization, international cooperation, human development index, Eurasian integration, fertility and mortality

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