Journal section "Theoretical and methodological issues"

Russia in the Epicenter of Geopolitical Turbulence: Accumulation of Global Contradictions

Balatsky E.V.

Volume 15, Issue 4, 2022

Balatsky E.V. (2022). Russia in the epicenter of geopolitical turbulence: Accumulation of global contradictions. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 15(4), 42–59. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.4.82.3

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.4.82.3

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article examines the situation of Russia falling into the epicenter of geopolitical shifts in 2022, when the country found itself involved in the hybrid warfare with the Collective West. The novelty of our approach consists in reconstructing key events of the geopolitical competition of the last 15–20 years with the use of an extensive range of related concepts from various fields: economics (Trout’s mistake, neocolonialism), cybernetics (Ashby’s Law and Sedov’s Law), management (external management, hybrid warfare), synergetics (synergetic effect, system complexity), political science (security, freedom, power structure), political economy (Arrighi’s cycles of capital accumulation, global capital center, rate of return), institutionalism (shifting risks from the physical world to the social world), geography (horizontal diffusion of innovations), psychology (war of meanings, war of nerves). This made it possible to bring together many poorly compatible phenomena of different nature, synthesize the concepts used and reveal the logic behind the struggle of geopolitical players for world hegemony. To deepen the analysis, we provide our own typology of world wars and their characteristics. We prove that the special military operation in Ukraine exposed the impasse of Russia’s economic policy and consolidated other countries in a hybrid war against the United States, thereby becoming a key event in history and giving rise to a global geopolitical confrontation between the West and the Non-West. Our main conclusion is that Russia has objectively found itself in the epicenter of geopolitical turbulence, and, consequently, cannot avoid a direct collision with the Collective West; therefore, over the next 15–20 years the country will have to go through all the stages of a new hybrid world war


competition, geopolitical turbulence, world capital center, war, world economic system

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