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Journal section "Social and economic development"

Demographic Dividends: Formation and Use in the CIS and the Baltic Countries

Dobrokhleb V.G., Kuchmaeva O.V., Bragin A.D., Afzali M.

Volume 15, Issue 4, 2022

Dobrokhleb V.G., Kuchmaeva O.V., Bragin A.D., Afzali M. (2022). Demographic dividends: Formation and use in the CIS and the Baltic countries. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 15(4), 172–188. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.4.82.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.4.82.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article investigates one of the most pressing problems of the modern world ‒ demographic aging and its impact on demographic security in the CIS. Changes in the age structure are happening on a global scale, and show increasing dynamics. At the same time, demographic aging has significant regional differences. The purpose of the study is to identify general trends, regional differences in population aging in the post-Soviet countries, the formation and use of demographic dividends. When analyzing the second demographic dividend, we propose to apply the term “resource potential of the older generation” that largely determines the capabilities of the aging population. We use the following methods: logical analysis, synthesis, generalization, induction and deduction, a systems approach to the analysis of demographic phenomena, calculations of demographic coefficients used in assessing the age structure, its dynamics and the formation of demographic dividends. The information base of the study includes data of the current accounting of demographic events presented by the Statistical Committee of the CIS, materials of Eurostat, the UN, domestic and foreign scientific publications, as well as materials of own research on the topic of the article. The main results of the work confirm the conclusion that the post-Soviet countries have significant differences in the age structure of their population and the intensity of demographic aging. We determine that the acceleration of the aging process was a general trend in most of them. This brings to the fore the problems associated with the need to form and effectively use the second demographic dividend, which will promote economic welfare of the countries

Keywords

demographic aging, first demographic dividend, second demographic dividend, post-Soviet countries

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