Journal section "Social and economic development"

The Impact of Employment Barriers on the Employment Characteristics of Persons with Disabilities

Natsun L.N.

Volume 15, Issue 5, 2022

Natsun L.N. (2022). The impact of employment barriers on the employment characteristics of persons with disabilities. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 15(5), 203–220. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.5.83.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2022.5.83.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Disability is a complex phenomenon that generates a number of negative socio-economic consequences including working-age population decrease. At the same time, disability is not always accompanied by a complete loss of the ability to work. Usually, persons with disabilities of the second and third groups retain the opportunity to work in the presence of suitable conditions, but in practice the realization of their labor potential is limited by a number of circumstances. The purpose of this work is to substantiate the negative impact of barriers to employment of disabled people on the characteristics of their employment. Based on the statistical data analysis, we have shown a modern socio-demographic portrait of working disabled people, and analyzed the characteristics of their employment and economic activity. We have found that for a long period the highest economic activity was shown by persons with the third disability group. The paper proves that their higher representation in the composition of employed persons with disabilities is due, on the one hand, to less pronounced health disorders and relatively low need to create specialized jobs, and on the other hand, has economic prerequisites. We have shown that the realization of the labor potential of disabled people is not always accompanied by a significant increase in their material well-being. Employment for some disabled people may be a forced step, which confirms the prevalence among them of employment not in their specialty, as well as on the basis of an oral agreement, without official employment. The final part of the article outlines recommendations that can contribute to the fuller realization of the labor potential of disabled people and improve their financial situation


disability, work activity of disabled people, assistance in employment of disabled people, specialized workplaces, quotas of jobs for disabled people, gender and age structure of the contingent of employed disabled people

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