Journal section "Public administration"

Social Contract: Historical and Contemporary Realities in Soviet/Russian Society

Toshchenko Z.T.

Volume 16, Issue 3, 2023

Toshchenko Zh.T. (2023). Social contract: Historical and contemporary realities in Soviet/Russian society. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 16(3), 39–53. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.3.87.2

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.3.87.2

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article provides an analysis of the currently little used concept – the social contract. For this purpose, a brief historical digression was carried out: an assessment was made of the contribution of thinkers of the Enlightenment, who were the first to substantiate the proposal to consider the relationship between the state and the people through the prism of reaching agreement on the arrangement of public and private life, calling it a social contract. After a break, interest in this phenomenon revived in the 20th century, which is given more detailed information on the example of the consideration of the essence and content of the social contract by foreign and Russian researchers. On this basis, it is concluded that the social contract is an independent scientific and social phenomenon that embodies various forms of social consent between the people and the state, given that they are not only open, but also latent, reflecting the underlying processes taking place in public consciousness. The article defines the criteria inherent in the social contract – goals, means of achieving them, ideological support, the effectiveness of feedback and participation of the people in managing the affairs of society and the state. A comparative analysis of the process of its functioning in the Soviet and modern Russian society is given, estimates and conclusions are made about the problems of its implementation at various stages of historical development. It is especially noted that the social contract has both explicit and latent characteristics, which, through the analysis of the state, trends and problems of social development, allows us to speak about the degree of its effectiveness and efficiency in preserving and strengthening the state


russia, state, trust, society, ussr, Russia, social contract, people, public consciousness, consent, USSR

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