Journal section "Social and economic development"

Challenges of Social Integration of Young Temporary Migrants from Russia in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Context of Geopolitical Instability

Mishenichev K.S., Borodkina O.I.

Volume 16, Issue 6, 2023

Mishenichev K.S., Borodkina O.I. (2023). Challenges of social integration of young temporary migrants from Russia in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the context of geopolitical instability. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends,Forecast, 16(6), 191–207. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.6.90.11

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.6.90.11

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Modern social reality is characterized by a significant level of uncertainty, which creates risks both in a global and local context. This led to a temporary outflow of a large number of the male population from Russia in the autumn of 2022. The Republic of Kazakhstan was among the countries that received the largest number of temporary migrants from Russia. The article presents a brief analysis of the conditions existing in Kazakhstan for the integration of temporary migrants from Russia; we also provide findings of a survey we have conducted with the help of an in-depth interview method; the survey considers social integration of young men who temporarily left Russia. The resource approach was chosen as the main theoretical approach, and the social capital of temporary migrants was considered as a key resource. To address the research tasks, we conducted 20 in-depth interviews with temporary male migrants from Russia who had arrived in Kazakhstan. As a result, we have revealed that social capital plays a significant role in the social integration of temporary migrants. First, the formation of new ties contributes to the formation of a community of migrants from Russia, which is supported by mutual assistance practices. Second, the accumulated social capital in the transnational social space allows temporary migrants to receive assistance from the country of origin, which greatly simplifies the integration process. Third, the social capital formed in the offline and online space is actively transformed from one form to another, which helps to address migrants’ issues in the process of social integration. However, a lack of financial and personal resources in the first place can hinder successful social integration in a new environment


russia, social capital, uncertainty, kazakhstan, social integration, Russia, temporary migrants, Kazakhstan, social risks

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