Journal section "Social and economic development"

The Impact of Precarization on the Standard of Living and Employment Situation of Russian Youth

Popov A.V.

Volume 16, Issue 6, 2023

Popov A.V. (2023). The impact of precarization on the standard of living and the employment situation of Russian youth. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 16(6), 236–251. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.6.90.14

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2023.6.90.14

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The study of precarization implications focuses on young people who are facing serious problems on the way to stable employment. The lack of clear competitive advantages in the labor market complicates employment in the formal sector of the economy, where workers have access to an extensive system of social guarantees. In this regard, young people often feel vulnerable and uncertain about their future. Despite the relevance of the problem and wide discussion, there are not many specific empirical studies in this area. The aim of the paper is to determine the impact of precarization on the standard of living and the employment situation of young people. The information base is represented by the data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey conducted by the Higher School of Economics for 2021 (30th round). Based on the original toolkit, the scale of precarious work was estimated depending on the concentration of precarization indicators and taking into account individual parameters of respondents. The indicators were calculated using the method of multivariate frequency distribution of attributes. According to the results obtained, the overwhelming majority (almost 80%) of young people are involved in precarious work. To a much lesser extent, this applies to the part of youth that has a high level of education, ICT skills and is engaged in skilled labor. The depth of precarization penetration is also closely linked to per capita income. As its size increases up to two subsistence minimums, the share of those involved in precarious work decreases significantly; and in this regard it does not matter what part of income is used for consumption. In conclusion, we substantiate proposals to counter the threats of precarization for young people. Prospects for further research are connected, first of all, with the identification of educational and professional trajectories that have a negative impact on employment stability


employment, standard of living, youth, labor market, precarization, precarious work, employment quality, youth policy

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