RuEn

Journal section "Modeling and forecast of socio-economic processes"

Russian and Foreign Experience of Integration of Agent-Based Models and Geographic Information Systems

Gulin K.A., Rossoshanskii A.I.

5 (47), 2016

Gulin K.A., Rossoshanskii A.I. Russian and Foreign Experience of Integration of Agent-Based Models and Geographic Information Systems. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2016, no. 5 (47), pp. 141-157. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2016.5.47.8

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2016.5.47.8

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article provides an overview of the mechanisms of integration of agent-based models and GIS technology developed by Russian and foreign researchers. The basic framework of the article is based on critical analysis of domestic and foreign literature (monographs, scientific articles). The study is based on the application of universal scientific research methods: system approach, analysis and synthesis, classification, systematization and grouping, generalization and comparison. The article presents theoretical and methodological bases of integration of agent-based models and geographic information systems. The concept and essence of agent-based models are explained; their main advantages (compared to other modeling methods) are identified. The paper characterizes the operating environment of agents as a key concept in the theory of agent-based modeling. It is shown that geographic information systems have a wide range of information resources for calculations, searching, modeling of the real world in various aspects, acting as an effective tool for displaying the agents’ operating environment and allowing to bring the model as close as possible to the real conditions. The authors also focus on a wide range of possibilities for various researches in different spatial and temporal contexts. Comparative analysis of platforms supporting the integration of agent-based models and geographic information systems has been carried out. The authors give examples of complex socio-economic models: the model of a creative city, humanitarian assistance model. In the absence of standards for research results description, the authors focus on the models’ elements such as the characteristics of the agents and their operation environment, agents’ behavior, rules of interaction between the agents and the external environment. The paper describes the possibilities and prospects of implementing these models

Keywords

spatial development; Geographic information system; geographic information system; agent-based models

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