Journal section "Foreign experience"

Differentiated organizational and economic mechanisms of industrial-innovation development of the regions of Kazakhstan

Kireeva A.A.

1 (37), 2015

Kireeva A.A. Differentiated organizational and economic mechanisms of industrial-innovation development of the regions of Kazakhstan. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2015, no. 1 (37), pp. 214-229. DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.1.37.14

DOI: 10.15838/esc/2015.1.37.14

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Kazakhstan is characterized by significant interregional differences in the provision with natural resources and economic capacity; this feature is reflected in the level of economic development, provision with social infrastructure, and investment opportunities. Specifics of spatial development in Kazakhstan, different potential of its individual territories, differences in the structure and specialization of economic entities, ambiguity in the severity and depth of the crisis processes in the years of market reforms, the pace and forms of their implementation put the regions of our country in unequal conditions that aggravated their differentiation. That is why the Address of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to the People of Kazakhstan “The Strategy “Kazakhstan 2050”: New Political Course of the Established State” sets out a very timely task of aligning the socio-economic conditions in the regions and forming new effective mechanisms of its implementation. In order to solve this problem under the conditions of economic growth, it is appropriate to implement a new approach to regional policy, which involves the alignment of the level of economic development in the regions, and also provides people’s welfare throughout the country. This important shift in regional policy corresponds to the objectives of transition from resource-based development to industrial innovation development. In this respect, special importance is attached to the comprehensive assessment of innovation processes and resources of the region for the purpose of their more efficient use and distribution in the interests of industrial-innovation modernization of territorial economy. The article proposes to use a differentiated approach when choosing effective organizational and economic mechanisms for territorial modernization. In particular, the author proposes to use the following components: legal, organizational, economic and financial, research and informational. A new approach has been developed, which helps identify the main strategic directions of industrial-innovation development in the regions and choose the optimal mechanisms for implementation of these directions. The author proposes a model of “industrial-innovation modernization of the region” based on the rating values of the grouping indicators from “A” to “D” as a foundation for the elaboration of strategic directions of development of the territory


region, innovation development, modernization, industrialization, kazakhstan

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