Journal section "Foreign experience"

Trends in the Development of Forestry in Russia and Finland

Petrov V.N., Katkova T.E., Karvinen S.

Volume 12, Issue 3, 2019

Petrov V.N., Katkova T.E., Karvinen S. Trends in the development of forestry in Russia and Finland. Economic and Social Changes: Facts, Trends, Forecast, 2019, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 140–157. DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.63.9

DOI: 10.15838/esc.2019.3.63.9

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
The article is devoted to the forestry in Russia and Finland considered through economic relations developing under the influence of national forest legislation and state forest management systems. The purpose of the article is to assess the trends in the development of forest relations formed within the framework of national forest regulations and their respective forest management mechanisms on the example of two countries: Russia and Finland. The study is based on a system approach to forestry considered from an ecological and economic perspective, using subject-object, abstract and logical methods, comparative, spatial, statistical analysis, modern theories of sustainable development, as well as foreign and domestic experience of forest relations. The research novelty lies in revealing trends in the development of forest economy formed under the influence of national forest legislation systems, forest management systems taking into account population’s opinion. The ratio of organizational-administrative and economic methods of forest management by public authorities of the two countries are analyzed. The economic efficiency of forest management in two countries is compared through contrasting costs and revenues of forestry. The positive and negative trends of the Russian forest economy since the beginning of the administrative reform in the country are analyzed. Trends in forest economy, environment and sociology showed are more negative rather than positive. The research results can be in demand by research institutions forecasting the development of sectoral economies, forest organizations for building economic relations between the state, forestry business and the population. The study can be continued in terms of assessing trends in the development of forestry as an eco-economic system with a long manufacturing cycle, taking into account the new paradigm of thinking about the role of renewable forest resources in human life


forest management, forest economy, forest legislation, forest ecosystem services

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